Web accessibility is amongst the most neglected aspects that service providers usually ignore while designing websites. Ideally, it is a crucial a part of web design as it will through it the web site availability will be improved to the widest attainable audience. However, there’s a misunderstanding concerning web accessibility as many of us suppose that it needs sacrifice of visual attractiveness and is not actually worth it. Today’s user has many alternative ways of accessing web therefore making a highly-accessible web design which can be easily viewed through multiple ways is critical for the overall success of a website. Mentioned below are some of the most effective and easy ways of enhancing the accessibility of a website.
Make Proper Use OF Alt Text In Images: It is vital to add alt text for all important graphics. Also, check that the alt text provides all of the words.
Name Links Carefully: Users typically browse a website by tabbing from link to link so as to seek out one thing of their interest. Properly named links are useful for users and they help them in understanding where they will land after clicking on a particular link. For example, using “enlarge image” link is much more effective and logical than showing “click here” link.
The Font Sizes: It has been observed that using relative font sizes that are presented in percentage is much better than using pixels or points. This allows users to manipulate the size of the text according to their requirements.
State Everything Clearly: Avoid using just color or indentation alone for presentation something important.
Use Properly Labeled Forms: All the forms on your website should be consistent in design. If you have presented the description of input field on the left side in one page then make sure that all the forms have the same format.
Use Heading Elements: Web users tend to browse a page by navigating its headings. You should headings properly to provide an effective structure to your page. Use heading in their correct sequence i.e. use H1 then H2 followed by H3 and so on.
Avoid Tables Use CSS: Try using as much CSS as possible for organizing the content on your page and avoid the usage of tables for the same purpose. AS CSS easily separates the content part of the website from presentation part therefore you can have a much better control over the page layout than using tables.
Be Very Careful While Using Color: It is important to understand that around nine percent of web browsers are color blind which makes the usage of color a very sensitive issue. While different colors mean different things (Such as green for go and red for stop) but it may lose context when the person viewing the page is color blind.
These are some of the most effective techniques to improve the web accessibility of a website. However, a lot depends upon the capabilities and creativity of the designers.